Definition: Miranda  v. Arizona









Generally speaking, Earl Warren’s Court gave more rights to the accused. You should know:

1. Miranda v. Arizona, 1966 - Ernesto Miranda admitted to charges of rape and kidnapping after a lengthy interrogation. Because he did not know that he had a right to remain silent, the Supreme Court ruled that Miranda did not receive fair due process.  Since his Fifth Amendment rights were violated, he had to be retried. The controversy of the Warren Court’s decision has changed the way police apprehend criminals. Today, a priority is the reading of “Miranda rights” upon arrest. Miranda was later retried and convicted. NOTE: The Fourteenth Amendment was also used to apply due process rights to the states.

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