Definition: Slaughterhouse Cases
Slaughterhouse Cases, 1873
These were cases that put into question the protections of the
Louisiana created a corporation for the slaughtering of
livestock. This corporation put all of the local
slaughterhouses out of work. The butchers who lost their jobs
believed that the Louisiana creation was a violation of their
Fourteenth Amendment right to exercise free trade equally. The
butchers lost, as the Supreme Court stated that the Amendment
did not protect “privileges and immunities of citizenship”
in a state.
Therefore states could create a slaughterhouse for the health
and safety of the public.
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