Definition: Qin Dynasty/Shi Huangdi (Qin Shi Huang) (scroll down for answer)




Definition: Qin Dynasty/Shi Huangdi (Qin Shi Huang)

Shi Huangdi called himself the first Emperor of the Qin Dynasty. He doubled the size of China by conquering land. Although much of the Great Wall of China would be built much later, the beginnings of the wall were created during his reign. Peasants were forced to construct the wall to keep out invaders from the north. Shortly after Huangdi's death in 210 BC, the Empire declined. Huangdi was buried in a mausoleum surrounded by an army of terra-cotta soldiers.               

The Qin helped implement Legalism. This was a belief in government strength and order. It meant that the Emperor should punish those who did not carry out their civil duties. Unlike Confucianism or Daoism, Legalism meant that humans had to be disciplined by the government, rather than by themselves.

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