TERM: Republican Party and Bleeding Sumner (scroll down for definition)




Definition for: Bleeding Sumner

With sectionalism boiling over on the slave issue, a new political party emerged. The Republican Party combined Northern Democrats, Free-Soilers, Know Nothings (anti-immigrant party), and former Whigs. Their main goal was to stop the spread of slavery in the west. Some in the party were abolitionists (against slavery altogether). Thus, this completes our political party split guide:

After Republican Charles Sumner of Massachusetts went after Senator Andrew Butler in a speech, "The Crime Against Kansas," Butler's cousin, Preston Brooks, beat  Sumner over the head with a cane on the Senate Floor.

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