This house is one of the most historical in Charleston. This is where Calhoun came up with the South Carolina Exposition and Protest. In it, he talked about nullification. South Carolina would pass the Ordinance of Nullification after the 1832 tariff. They said that they wouldn't listen to the Tariffs of 1828 or 1832. Andrew Jackson was not impressed with his former VP, and issued the Force Bill. A compromise tariff in 1833 ended the crisis. But for the first time, the idea of secession was seriously considered.

So remember -- The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions = Madison and Jefferson in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, saying the states are supreme. 1798

South Carolina Exposition and Protest and Ordinance of Nullification = John Caldwell Calhoun's similar response to the Tariff of Abominations. c1832

The Constitution = the states are not supreme ... 1787.

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