civilizations in the area should I know?
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- In 550 BC, Cyrus became King and the Persian Empire reached as far
as India. Cyrus was tolerant of Jews, and allowed them to resettle
in Jerusalem. Under King Darius, the Empire spread further into
western Asia. The Persians never took over Greece (explained later).
- These were Indo-European settlers in Anatolia (Asia Minor/Turkey).
Their use of iron weapons helped them expand their Empire.
- They were maritime explorers who settled many cities around the
Mediterranean Sea. Phoenicians are important to know because the
modern alphabet derived from them. Their writing system spread to
the cultures of the Mediterranean, including the Greeks.
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