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CLEP Western Civilization I and II Review Sheet

A no-nonsense online review packet and study guide for the Clep Western Civilization Test.


World History Review Song.   or ... World History MUSIC VIDEO!

Test Breakdown PART I - 8%–10% is on Ancient Near East; 15%–17% is on Greece and Hellenistic Culture, 15%–17% is on Rome, 23%–27% is on Middle Ages, 13%–17% is on the Renaissance and Protestant Reformation, 10%–15% is on Early Modern Europe, 1560-1648

Test Breakdown PART II - 7%–9% is on Absolutism and limited monarch, 4%–6% is on
Competition for empire and economic expansion, 5%–7% is on
Scientific Revolution and view on world, 7%–9% is on Enlightenment,10%–13% is on French Revolution and Napoleon, 7%–9% is on the Industrial Revolution, 6%–8% is on early to mid 1800s and revolution,
Political and cultural developments, 1815–1848, 8%–10% is on nationalism and unification in the 19th century, 7%–9% on imperialism and economy c1850-1914, 10%–12% is on WWI and Russian Revolution, 7%–9% is on
Europe between the World Wars, 8%-10% is on WWII to the present.

Key Terms, Click Links Below: 1. Neolithic Revolution, 2. Nomads and Hunters & Gatherers, 3. Ziggurat, 4. Cultural Diffusion, 5. Cuneiform, 6. Theocracy, 7. Hieroglyphics, 8. Mandate of Heaven/Dynastic Cycle, 9. Tokugawa Shogunate, 10. Haiku and Kabuki, 11. Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, 12. Caliph, 13. Twelve Tables of Law, 14. Pax Romana, 15. Feudalism, 16. Chivalry, 17. Three Field System, 18. Spanish Inquisition, 19. Great Schism, 20. Bubonic Plague, 21. Humanism, 22. Printing Press, 23. 95 Theses, 24. Predestination, 25. Bantu-speaking People, 26. Ibn Battuta, 27. Terrace Farming, 28. Conquistadors, 29. Encomienda, 30. Middle Passage, 31. Mercantilism and Commercial Revolution, 32. Absolutism, 33. Spanish Armada, 34. Limited Monarchy, 35. Scientific Method, 36. Heliocentric Model, 37. Enlightenment, 38. Baroque, 39. Enlightened Despots,



40. Bourgeoisie, 41. Tennis Court Oath, 42. Declaration of the Rights of Man, 43. Political Spectrum, 44. Jacobins, 45. Coup d’état, 46. Napoleonic Code, 47. Congress of Vienna, 48. Urbanization, 49. Agricultural Revolution, 50. Capitalism and Socialism, 51. Nationalism, 52. Potato Famine, 53. Berlin Conference, 54. Spheres of Influence, 55. Open Door Policy, 56. Meiji Era , 57. Lusitania and Zimmerman Telegram, 58. League of Nations, 59. Treaty of Versailles, 60. Pogroms, 61. Russia’s Bloody Sunday, 62. NEP, 63. USSR, 64. Totalitarianism, 65. Command Economy/Five-Year Plan, 66. Fascism, 67. Weimar Republic, 68. Mein Kampf, 69. Appeasement, 70. Axis Powers, 71. Blitzkrieg, 72. Yalta Conference, 73. Atomic Bomb, 74. United Nations, 75. Ghettos, 76. Final Solution (Genocide), 77. Nuremberg Trials, 78. Containment, 79. Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan, 80. Berlin Airlift, 81. NATO and Warsaw Pact, 82. Sputnik, 83. Berlin Wall, 84. Bay of Pigs Invasion, 85. Cuban Missile Crisis, 86. Détente, 87. Glasnost and Perestroika, 88. Domino Theory, 89. Dien Bien Phu, 90. Vietcong, 91. Khmer Rouge, 92. Long March, 93. Great Leap Forward, 94. Cultural Revolution, 95. Four Modernizations, 96. Tiananmen Square Massacre, 97. Three Gorges Dam and One-Child Policy, 98. Amritsar Massacre, 99. Salt March, 100. Zionism and Balfour Declaration, 101. Camp David Accords, 102. OPEC, 103. Taliban, 104. Apartheid, 105. Developing Nations, 106. Green Revolution, 107. European Union, 108. Global Interdependence.                                   


Practice Multiple Choice (4 choice practice, test has 5 choices)



Key Questions, Click Links Below:

1. What do I need to know about the history at the beginning of my textbook?

2. How did the Han Dynasty govern such a large area?

3. What were the contributions of the early Muslim world?

4. What were the differences between Athens and Sparta?

5. What were the contributions of the ancient Greeks?

6. How did the Roman Republic function?

7. What were the contributions of Rome?

8. What led to the Fall of Rome?


9. What happened in the schism of 1054?

10. What were the important aspects of the Church during the Middle Ages?

11. What were the causes, events, and results of the Crusades?

12. What should I know about Renaissance art and literature?


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13. What were the causes and results of the Protestant Reformation? How was England affected?

14. What motivated Europeans in the Age of Exploration?

15. What was the social hierarchy of the New World under Spanish rule?

16. How did the Enlightenment affect the arts?

17. What were the three Estates of France’s Old Regime?

18. What were Napoleon’s three mistakes that led to his downfall?

19. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England? ... What were the textile inventions of the Industrial Revolution?

20. How has nationalism been a unifying force?

21. Why did countries want to imperialize?

22. What were the causes and technological innovations of World War I?

23. What were the foreign policy results of World War II?

24. What were the major examples of containment during the Cold War?

25. How did Communism ultimately fall in the Soviet Union? How about in other European nations?

26. What happened to India during the Partition?

27. What wars were fought between Israel and members of the Middle East from 1956-1973?

28. What led to the end of apartheid?

29. What are some of the environmental problems plaguing the Earth today?


 World Flashcards   

Key People, Click Links Below:

1. King Hammurabi, 2. Hatshepsut, 3. Shi Huangdi, 4. Genghis and Kublai Khan, 5. Zheng He, 6. Akbar the Great, 7. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, 8. Julius Caesar, 9. Justinian, 10. Mansa Musa, 11. Thomas Aquinas, 12. Leonardo da Vinci, 13. Niccolň Machiavelli, 14. Queen Elizabeth I, 15. Louis XIV, 16. Maria Theresa, 17. Ivan the Terrible, 18. Peter the Great, 19. Martin Luther, 20. Galileo,

21. Enlightenment Thinkers (Hobbes, Rousseau, Locke, Voltaire, Montesquieu), 22. Simón Bolívar, 23. Toussaint L’Ouverture, 24. Jose San Martin, 25. Napoleon Bonaparte, 26. Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, 27. Karl Marx, 28. Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, 29. Queen Victoria, 30. Charles Darwin, 31. Nicholas II, 32. Grigori Rasputin, 33. Vladimir Lenin, 34. Joseph Stalin, 35. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 36. Benito Mussolini, 37. Adolf Hitler, 38. Friedrich Nietzsche, 39. Joseph Goebbels, 40. Francisco Franco, 41. Elie Wiesel, 42. Anne Frank, 43 Mohandas Gandhi, 44. Sun Yixian, 45. Mao Zedong, 46. Lech Walesa, 47. Ho Chi Minh, 48. Pol Pot, 49. Golda Meir, 50. Benazir Bhutto, 51. Nelson Mandela, 52. Jomo Kenyatta, 53. Aung San Suu Kyi                            


Practice Multiple Choice (4 choice practice, test has 5 choices)          



World History Review in 16 Minutes!



World History Music Video, by the Social Studs

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World Geography Music Video!


World Religion Song

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Social Studs on iTunes




Religions, Click Links Below: 

1. Animism, 2. Zoroastrianism, 3. Shintoism, 4. Hinduism and more Hinduism, 5. Buddhism and more Buddhism, 6. Jainism, 7. Confucianism, 8. Daoism, 9. Five Pillars of Islam and more Islam, 10. Judaism, 11. Christianity 


Empires, Click Links Below: 

1. Han Dynasty, 2. Tang and Song Dynasties, 3. Mongol Empire, 4. Khmer Empire, 5. Mauryan and Gupta Empires, 6. Mughal Empire, 7. Umayyads and Abbasid Empire , 8. Ottoman Empire, 9. Safavid Empire, 10. Empire of Alexander the Great and Hellenistic Culture,


11. Roman Empire before Caesar, 12. Byzantine Empire, 13. Carolingian Empire and Charlemagne, 14. Ghana, Mali, and Songhai Empires of Africa, 15. Mayan Empire, 16. Aztec Empire, 17. Incan Empire, 18. Napoleon’s Empire

Wars, Click Links Below:  

1. Peloponnesian War, 2. Punic Wars, 3. The Crusades, 4. Hundred Years’ War, 5. Thirty Years’ War, 6. English Civil War, 7. Glorious Revolution, 8. French Revolution Causes; Bastille; Reign of Terror, 9. Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia, 10. Unification of Italy, 11. Unification of Germany, 12. Boer War, 13. Crimean War, 14. Opium War, 15. Sepoy Rebellion, 16. Boxer Rebellion, 17. Russo-Japanese War, 18. Mexican Revolution, 19. World War I events, 20. Bolshevik Revolution, 21. Armenian Massacres, 22. Russian Civil War, 23. World War II, 24. Cold War, 25. Chinese Civil War, 26. Korean War, 27. Vietnam War, 28. Soviet-Afghanistan War, 29. Iranian Revolution, 30. Rwandan Genocide, 31. War in Darfur


Human Rights Violations, Click Links Below: 

1. Pogroms, 2. Russia’s Bloody Sunday, 3. Armenian Massacres, 4. Amritsar Massacre, 5. Nanjing Massacre, 6. Ukrainian Famine, 7. Great Purge, 8. Final Solution (Holocaust), 9. Cultural Revolution, 10. Apartheid, 11. Khmer Rouge 12. Tiananmen Square Massacre, 13. Ethnic Cleansing in Bosnia,  14. Rwandan Genocide, 15. War in Darfur 

Geography, Click Links Below: 

1. What is a physical map?

2. Why did civilizations develop near water?

3. Why was Mesopotamia called the Fertile Crescent?

4. How did Greece’s geography affect its development?

5. What rivers of China should I know?

6. What impact did being an island have on Japan?

7. What are the important aspects of Indian geography?

8. How diverse is Africa’s climate?

9. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England?

10. Why couldn’t Napoleon defeat Britain?

11. What does the Suez Canal connect?

12. What are some of the environmental problems plaguing the Earth today?

Geography Review


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Women's Rights, Click Links Below: 

Increased: 1. Hatshepsut, 2. Wu Zhao, 3. Justinian’s Code, 4. Peter the Great, 5. Mary Wollstonecraft, 6. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 7. Soviet Russia, 8. Mao in China, 9. Benazir Bhutto 10. Aung San Suu Kyi

Decreased: 1. Hammurabi’s Code, 2. Ancient China, 3. Napoleonic Code, 4. Athenian Democracy, 5. Fate of Olympe de Gouges 

Cultural Diffusion Examples, Click Links Below: 

1. Cultural Diffusion, 2. Phoenician Alphabet, 3. Silk Roads, 4. Muslim and Greco-Roman, 5. Hellenistic Culture, 6. Greco-Roman/Western Civilization, 7. Cyrillic Alphabet, 8. Results of the Crusades, 9. Columbian Exchange, 10. Mestizo Culture, 11. Hanseatic League, 12. Mansa Musa, 13. Westernization of Russia, 14. Meiji Era, 15. Enlightenment in Latin America, 16. Industrial Revolution, 17. Global Interdependence   


Practice Multiple Choice 



Cultural Diffusion Review

World History Timeline



French Revolution


Causes =

M - Monarchy's abuses, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette (Let Them Eat Cake)

E - Enlightenment

A - American Revolution

T - Taxes on the 3rd Estate (98% of the people)

Slogan = LIBERTY, EQUALITY, FRATERNITY -- as found in the Declaration of the Rights of Man.

Chronology - 1789 - Storming of Bastille --> National Assembly Takes Over --> c1794, King and Queen Executed --> Jacobins Rule --> Reign of Terror --> 1796 Directory appoints  Napoleon as Commander in Chief --> 1799 - Coup d etat of Napoleon

Philosophy of Enlightenment Thinkers:

John Locke wrote Two Treatises on Government - life, liberty, property.

Voltaire = known for free speech rights.

John Jacques Rousseau - do not obey an unjust law, "man is born free and everywhere he is in chains" Chains are unjust laws.

Baron de Montesquieu = Spirit of the Laws = Separation of Powers with three equal branches of government.

Enlightenment and French Revolution Videos



Russian Revolution


Causes =

Weakness of the Czar = continued WWI, Bloody Sunday, poorly equipped military, lack of bread.

Increased popularity of socialism after rapid industrialization led to exploited workers and bad conditions.

Slogan = Peace, Land, Bread.

Chronology - 1917 = Czar --> Provisional Government (takes power in March) --> Bolshevik Revolution (Lenin takes over in November.

Philosophy of the Russian Revolution

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels - The Communist Manifesto -- labor raises up to rule in a classless society where the means of production are shared.



Herchel Tried  Varsity Swimming And Jumped in My Pool

Haiti Touissaint;  Venezuela Simon Bolivar, Argentina Jose San Martin, Mexico Padre San Morelos


GO PE = Glasnost is the Opening up of the USSR. Perestroika is economic restructuring with some capitalism.

QSJM - Quiet Sam Just Moved= Qin, Sun Yixian, Jiang Jieshi, Mao

Chunky Peanut Butter = Czar --> Provisional Government --> Bolsheviks

CAPHY FELL ... Treaty of Versailles countries ... Czechoslovakia, Austria, Poland, Hungary, Yugoslavia (out of Central Powers) ... Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania (out of Russia)

MEAT or TEAM, if you are vegetarian -- see above regarding French Rev.

RICK BENN DRAFT = See above for religion review.

 World Flashcards   






Absolutism Review Sheet



French Revolution Review Sheet

Napoleon and Industrial Revolution Test




Nationalism, Unifications, and Latin American Revolutions




Imperialism Review Sheet





Russian Revolution Review Sheet





Gandhi, China, Age of Uncertainty Review Sheet





WWII Review Sheet







Cold War Review Sheet





Global 2 Wrap Up Review Sheet







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